Every website you’ve visited can be divided into two parts: what you see — including pages and their content — and what you don’t see.
In the tech sector, these two components are referred to as the “front end” and the “back end,” respectively. Both the front and back ends of a website provide unique issues, but one cannot exist without the other.
What Is Web Development?
Web development, at its most basic, is the creation of a website for use on the internet. Web development is the non-design aspect of a website that includes the use of programming, markup, and scripting languages to provide features and functionality. Developers are responsible for the technical aspects of creating a website, such as designing the layout, programming, and integrating graphics and applications.
What Types of Web Development Are There?
Back end, front end, and full stack web development are three distinct career paths in the technology industry that can sometimes feel muddled. Back end developers are concerned with data, modeling, and the back end of a website. Front end developers contribute to the creation of what users interact with and see. A full stack developer performs some or all of the tasks listed above.
What is Front-End Development?
The programming of all visible elements to users or visitors of websites and web apps is referred to as front-end development. Front-end developers are considered specialists in client-side web development because their work focuses on what clients view. Front-end specialists’ job includes all of the necessary components of effective, dynamic websites, such as:
- Internal links
Front-end developers must understand how the many surface-level site pieces interact to create a cohesive, user-friendly whole in order to excel in their jobs. They must have a solid working relationship with the back-end engineers who make data from the server available. They must also usually communicate with web designers in order for their aesthetic concepts to be completely functioning.
Front-end languages, frameworks, and libraries Anyone may learn to code, and being a web developer requires knowledge of at least a few programming languages in order to produce active code. Front-end developers must understand the “big three”: HTML, CSS, and Java. These are among the simplest programming languages to learn and serve as the foundation for the front-end. Some more useful front-end languages are as follows:
When developers need greater flexibility, they turn to libraries. Libraries are collections of prewritten code that developers can use to supplement their own code. Front-end professionals may utilize the following libraries:
Examples of Front-End Roles
Front-end web development roles tend to emphasize the field’s aesthetic and organizational features. If you specialize in front-end development, you will not only be working in a high-demand field, but you will also be able to expand into areas like digital design and UX/UI design on the front-end team.
The following are some of the most popular job titles held by front-end professionals:
- UI developer
- Front-end web developer
- UX designer
- Front-end web designer
- Front-end SEO specialist
What is Back-End Development?
Back-end development is the branch of web development that focuses on all of the background processes that take place on the “server side” of websites, web apps, and mobile apps. A website’s back end is made up of servers, software, and databases. Databases are essential because they enable websites and applications to manage user data. Database management systems (DBMS) serve as a conduit between the database and its users. A database management system (DBMS) enables users to access, change, and manage data. SQL and NoSQL are the two basic forms of databases. SQL databases are structured, but NoSQL databases are not. Among the popular databases are:
What’s fascinating about this aspect of web development is how vital it is despite being “behind the scenes” and inaccessible to the general public. Back-end web developers are responsible for the following principles:
- Database management
- Communication between servers and apps is accomplished through the use of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs)
- Back-end logic
- Security policy and Accessibility compliance
Back-end web developers must collaborate closely with front-end developers to construct and manage websites appropriately. This enables efficient communication between various databases, servers, and applications, and hence smooth delivery of a final result to clients at the visible end.
Back-end languages, frameworks, and databases
Python is popular among back-end developers because of its general-purpose adaptability and effectiveness in automation.
Frameworks are frequently used by back-end web developers to automate some back-end processes required to keep sites running swiftly and securely. Some of the most well-known are as follows:
- Ruby on Rails
Common website functionality such as limitless scrolling would not be possible without these frameworks.
Back-end development also makes use of libraries to increase flexibility. Some popular Python libraries used by back-end specialists, for example, include:
The use of prewritten code from libraries reduces the tedium and repetition associated with delegating many basic back-end coding tasks.
Examples of Back-End Roles
Back-end web development occupations typically place a greater emphasis on technical aspects of web development. A back-end career might allow you to specialize in areas such as databases, machine learning, and artificial intelligence within your sector.
Back-end web development teams frequently have the following job titles:
- Full-stack web developer
- Software engineer
- Back-end web developer
- Java developer
What is Full-Stack Development?
Front-end and back-end development are combined in full-stack development. Full-stack developers can thus construct entire websites and web applications. They are responsible for client-side, server-side, debugging, and database tasks. Browsers, servers, and databases can all be programmed by full-stack web developers.
As a full-stack developer, you must be well-versed in front-end and back-end development tools. Web development stacks are used by full-stack developers. These stacks contain all of the necessary components of a modern online application or website, such as front-end tools, back-end tools, and the database. Application frameworks and state management technologies are included in some stacks. Stacks that are popular include:
Front End vs Back End
There will always be a separation of concerns, regardless of the stack. The user interface and all interaction, whether rendered on the server or in the browser, are what define the front end, and data and business logic, whether originating from the server in your company’s closet or a managed function, define the back end.
There are plenty of resources to get started, whether you want to concentrate on the user-facing features or the logic that allows them to accomplish things. A software development team that understands the complete program will always be more valuable than a developer who only understands half of it. A developer that can write code in any area of their project will be far more versatile.
So, are you ready to collaborate with full-stack web developers on your website? The Mintbit team’s years of professional competence can quickly turn your project strategy into a real-time success. Get in touch with us today to get started!